Thar Vilas rated "EXCELLENT" by travellers
The history of Jaisalmer is as fascinating as the city itself. Its history like other cities of Rajasthan is a wonderful narration of the heroic ballads of the Rajput era. The city of Jaisalmer was founded by Raja Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in approximately 1156 A D in midst of the Thar desert. According to legends, Raja Jaiswal was given instructions to do so by a local hermit named Eesaal. The Trikut hill was chosen as the new site for his fort by the king as he feared his previous abode at Luderwa (16 km from present Jaisalmer) would invite more enemies.

During the Medieval period, Jaisalmer was constantly monitored because of its strategic location. It fell on the two most important foreign traded routes linking India with Persia, Egypt, Africa and the west. The Bhatti Rajput rulers being the only guardians of the city, amassed enough wealth through taxes levied on the passing of camel caravans consisting of spices and other gems. Due to this Jaisalmer became one of the most powerful states of Rajasthan even though it suffered from the deficiency of water. The Gadi Sagar Tank was the only source of water in the olden days.

In fact due to its location till the 12th century, Jaisalmer was away from any foreign invasions. It was only in the mid- thirteenth century, Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Turk-Afghan ruler of Delhi captured the city for 9 years.

Today, Jaisalmer has still maintained its toughness as a city. The city was the last amongst the Rajputana royals to sign the 'Instrument of Agreement' with the British Government. When India achieved her Independence in 1947, the royals signed the agreement to remain in independent India. Since then it has flourished into an important tourist destination as well as a cultural nerve centre of western India.

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